Paycheck Calculator Idaho - ID

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State Withholding


Additional Information


Idaho - ID Paycheck Calculator: Hourly and Salary

Idaho, a state with an abundance of Gemstones, Natural resources, and stunning landscapes due to which it has earned a nickname of "A Gem State."

From lush green grass to fertile land for agriculture, from hiking to hunting, from snowy winters to hot summers, camping to fishing, whatever you name it, this state has it for you.

Boise, the capital city of this state, is considered one of the best cities to live in due to relatively low cost of living, plenty of job opportunities, good infrastructure, easy access to outdoor recreational activities, quality education, and a lot more.

This land of opportunities can be a great place to live in due to which it has been ranked as the fastest-growing state in 2017 in percentage growth. It has the cheapest cost of living among 11 western states of the USA, but the cost of homeownership is the 12th-highest in the nation.

Moreover, Idaho is also among those three states in the US that emphasize education and unique attractions due to which it has a college graduation rate of 85% and plenty of rare museums devoted to birds & aviation, Yellowstone Park, and old penitentiary.

As job or business is the primary concern for someone planning to move, this state has plenty of job opportunities, especially in government, agriculture, and healthcare sector. Besides, there are plenty of other industries too including web development, software development, and property management, due to which Idaho's unemployment rate (as of December 2017) was just 2.9%, according to The Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Apart from the perks mentioned above, the only drawback of this state is its extreme weather that may be a concern for some.

So, if you have made up your mind to move into this Gem State, and start your new life, with a new environment, new job or business, then the foremost thing you must do is to determine your take-home pay.

Whether you are going to start your business as an employer or job as an employee, you must know what you are going to pay to your employees and earn as a profit or take home as an employee. Wherefore, our experts have written down a comprehensive guide along with an instant paycheck calculator to help you in this, for which you must continue reading.


Idaho Payroll Tax Facts:

  • Residents of Idaho are also required to pay Idaho State Payroll taxes along with Federal Payroll taxes. The State Income tax is charged on progressive rates that are in seven tax brackets ranging from 1.6% to 6.925%, depending on the income and filing status.
  • No city or county is Idaho state charges local income tax.
  • The average household income of Idaho Resident is $50,985, according to US Census Bureau.
  • The Minimum wage rate by Idaho State is $7.25, which is equal to the federal minimum wage rate.
  • The Cash Minimum Wage rate for Tipped employees by Idaho State is $3.35, with the maximum tip credit of $3.90.
  • The supplemental wage tax rate, according to Idaho State, is 6.925% (effective retroactive to January 1, 2018).
  • The state requires the employers to pay State Unemployment Insurance (SUI) tax at the rate of 0.393 to 5.4% (includes 0.01179% workforce training fund tax), on the first $40000 (as in 2019) of wages earned by each employee. However, New Employers are given relief, as they only have to pay a flat rate of 1.374% (includes 0.04122% workforce training fund tax), on the wages earned by each employee.
  • Idaho State doesn't have any reciprocal agreements with other states.
  • Railroad Retirement benefits and Social Security income are not taxes by the state.
  • Retired taxpayers after age 65 (62 if disabled) may receive a partial exemption for military retirement benefits and civil service.
  • Idaho residents can also claim for the state tax credits for the taxes paid to other states and also for donations to Idaho state rehabilitation facilities, educational entities, and some nonprofit youth facilities.

How to calculate Take-Home Pay in Idaho?

To calculate Take Home Pay or Paycheck, you need to go through several steps that include calculation of Gross Pay, Pre-Tax Deductions, Federal Taxes, State Taxes, Post Tax Deductions, Local Tax, etc.

To make it easy for you, we have divided this guide into steps, which would give a general idea. However, there may be some differences or additional taxes that you may be subjected to, according to your situation. As it's a comprehensive guide, we can only discuss general aspects.

Step 1 - Calculating Gross Pay:

  1. To calculate Gross Pay, first, you need to determine the Pay Type of an employee. It is whether an employee is paid on an hourly basis or salary basis.

Hourly Employees:

Hourly Base Employees are paid for each hour they work in a day or a week, at the mutually agreed hourly rate. However, the mutually agreed hourly rate must be as per the Federal and State Minimum Wage law.

Hourly Employees are also entitled to receive overtime, for each excess hours worked after Regular worked hours in a day or week. The overtime rate in most of the states is one and a half times the regular hourly rate.


Salaried Employees:

Salaried employees receive a fixed but mutually agreed on pay, for a decided pay frequency, usually semi-monthly or monthly. However, for gross payment determination for a pay period, the annual salary is divided by the pay frequency.

Most of the salaried employees are exempted from Overtime law. Therefore, they are not entitled to receive overtime, regardless of how many excess hours they work. However, some exceptional salaried employees may be eligible to receive overtime according to federal or state law.


  1. Remember, Supplementary Wages like bonuses, commissions, and paid leaves, as well as double time and fringe benefits, are also taxable wages. Therefore they must also be included in gross pay before federal and state tax calculation.

Step 2 – Subtracting Pre-Tax Deductions (If Any):

Pre-Tax Deduction is an amount deducted from employee's gross pay before any withholding tax is deducted. These deductions have several advantages, including the reduction of taxable wages. Hence, increasing the take-home pay of an employee. However, not all deductions can be considered as free from all taxes, which means some of the deductions may require specific taxes to be withheld.

Some of the standard Pre-tax deductions are:

  • Health Savings Accounts or FSA or HSA plans
  • Commuter Benefits
  • Healthcare Insurance
  • Short-Term Disability
  • Dental Insurance
  • Medical Expenses and Flexible Spending Accounts
  • Vision Benefits
  • Retirement funds like a traditional 401(k)

Note: Pre-Tax deduction rate changes from year to year, according to inflation and costs of living by the federal government. Therefore, you must keep yourself updated with all rates before making any deductions.


Step 3 – Calculate and Subtract Federal Taxes:

Federal Taxes are taxes deducted from almost every employee, regardless of which state or county they work in.

Federal Taxes are calculated according to the details provided by the employee on Form W-4, which comprises of income, filing status, number of dependents, number of allowances, number of jobs, etc.

The details are form W-4, are assessed and used by the employer to deduce the federal tax bracket, in which the employee's taxable wage lay upon.

Federal Taxes ranges from 0% to 37% have seven tax brackets, depending on filing status, income, and the number of allowances claimed. Below is the income tax details for the year 2019:

Single Filers
Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $9,700 10%
$9,700 - $39,475 12%
$39,475 - $84,200 22%
$84,200 - $160,725 24%
$160,725 - $204,100 32%
$204,100 - $510,300 35%
$510,300+ 37%

Married, Filing Jointly
Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $19,400 10%
$19,400 - $78,950 12%
$78,950 - $168,400 22%
$168,400 - $321,450 24%
$321,450 - $408,200 32%
$408,200 - $612,350 35%
$612,350+ 37%

Married, Filing Separately
Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $9,700 10%
$9,700 - $39,475 12%
$39,475 - $84,200 22%
$84,200 - $160,725 24%
$160,725 - $204,100 32%
$204,100 - $306,175 35%
$306,175+ 37%

Head of Household
Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $13,850 10%
$13,850 - $52,850 12%
$52,850 - $84,200 22%
$84,200 - $160,700 24%
$160,700 - $204,100 32%
$204,100 - $510,300 35%
$510,300+ 37%

Note: Employees must make sure their information in Form W-4 is updated if any significant event takes place in their lives like a child's birth, divorce, or marriage. Moreover, they are also suggested to cautiously decide the number of Allowances that they need to claim, as more number of allowances claim can lead to penalties from the IRS and less than required number will lead to lower take-home pay.


Step 4 – Deduct FICA Taxes:

Along with Federal Withholding, employers are also required to withhold Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) taxes from the employee's paycheck as well as pay a matching amount themselves to the IRS.

There are two types of FICA taxes:


  1. Social Security:

Employers are entitled to withhold 6.2% from the first $132,900 (wage base limit for 2019), taxable wages earned by the employee. Moreover, the employer is also required to pay an equal amount to the IRS for each employee.


  1. Medicare:

Medicare tax is another type of FICA Tax that an employer must withhold from the taxable gross wage of the employee, at the rate of 1.45%. Unlike social security, there is no wage base limit. However, if the employee earns more than the defined threshold than he/she is subjected to an additional 0.9% of the Additional Medicare Tax rate, for every dollar earned above the threshold amount.

Like Social Security, IRS also requires the employer to pay an equal amount of Medicare tax for each employee.



Step 5 – Payment of FUTA Taxes

The Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) is a tax that the IRS requires the employer to pay without deducting anything from the employee's paycheck.

The FUTA Tax rate for 2019 is 6.0% of the first taxable wage up to $7000 of an employee. However, once the taxable wage limit is crossed for a particular employee, then the employer no longer has to pay this tax.

What to reduce FUTA Tax?

Yes! Then you must pay State Unemployment Insurance (SUI) tax in full and on time and get a FUTA tax credit of up to 5.4%. Which means, you saved a whopping 90% from FUTA Tax.


Step 6 – Subtract Post-Tax Deductions (If any):

Although, employers are not required to withhold any amount as a post-tax deduction, unless if an employee voluntarily asks to do so. However, there are some deductions ordered by the court like child support or wage garnishment, which the employer is entitled to deduct.


Step 7 – Withhold Idaho State Payroll Taxes:

As you are done with your federal payroll taxes, now is time to withhold Idaho state income tax. This tax is to be withheld from the employee's paycheck. This progressive tax has seven tax brackets and ranges from 1.6% to 6.925%, depending on the income level and filing status. Therefore, the higher the income, the higher the withholding tax. Moreover, the supplemental wage tax rate, according to Idaho State, is 6.925% (effective retroactive to January 1, 2018).


Employers are required to withhold the amount based on the information, including the number of allowances to claim, provided by the employee in Form ID W-4, in which an employee must update the form if any significant event takes place in their lives like child's birth, divorce or marriage.

Single Filers
Idaho Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $1,504 1.125%
$1,504 - $3,008 3.125%
$3,008 - $4,511 3.625%
$4,511 - $6,015 4.625%
$6,015 - $7,519 5.625%
$7,519 - $11,279 6.625%
$11,279+ 6.925%

Married, Filing Jointly
Idaho Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $3,008 1.125%
$3,008 - $6,016 3.125%
$6,016 - $9,022 3.625%
$9,022 - $12,030 4.625%
$12,030 - $15,038 5.625%
$15,038 - $22,558 6.625%
$22,558+ 6.925%

Married, Filing Separately
Idaho Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $1,504 1.125%
$1,504 - $3,008 3.125%
$3,008 - $4,511 3.625%
$4,511 - $6,015 4.625%
$6,015 - $7,519 5.625%
$7,519 - $11,279 6.625%
$11,279+ 6.925%

Head of Household
Idaho Taxable Income Rate
$0 - $3,008 1.125%
$3,008 - $6,016 3.125%
$6,016 - $9,022 3.625%
$9,022 - $12,030 4.625%
$12,030 - $15,038 5.625%
$15,038 - $22,558 6.625%
$22,558+ 6.925%

Step 8 – Withhold Local Tax:

No City or County of Idaho charges any Local Income Tax on its residents.


Step 9 – Pay State Unemployment Tax (SUI):

As the employees pay state Income Tax, the state also requires the employers to pay State Unemployment (SUI) Tax for each employee's first income of $40000. The tax rate range from 0.393 - 5.4% (including the 0.01179% workforce training fund tax).

However, there is a piece of good news for new employers as they only have to pay on a flat rate of 1.374% (including the 0.04122% workforce training fund tax) on the wages earned by each employee.


Note: Paying SUI taxes in full and on time, can get the employer, a FUTA tax credit of up to 5.4.


Step 10 – Calculate Pay Check:

Once you are done with all elements (steps) discussed earlier, you will have a net pay amount for each employee. Now all you have to do is pay employees on time. Also, to file all Federal Taxes, State Taxes, FICA, and FUTA taxes on time, to avoid any penalties.


Idaho State and Federal Payroll Laws:

  • All wages, tips, vacation allowances, commissions, bonuses, fringe benefits, and other compensations are subjected to both federal income tax and Idaho income tax.
  • The Minimum Wage rate by Idaho is the same as the Federal Minimum Wage of $7.25 for Employees. However, the following type of employees are exempted from this Minimum Wage Law:
    • New employees of age under 20; Employers can pay them a training wage of $4.25 per hour for the initial 90 days of employment.
    • Employees that are full-time high school or college students; Employers can pay them up to 85% of Standard Minimum wage for up to 20 hours/week of work on a specific job.
    • Employees who are exempted under FLSA Law; these employees are also exempted under Idaho State Wage Law.
    • Federal contractor employees; these employees are entitled to receive a minimum wage of $10.60 (effective January 1, 2019).
  • Employees who earn more than $30 a month as a Tip can be paid an hourly minimum wage as low as $3.35, but only if the employee's tips combined with their hourly wage is more than or equal to State Minimum Wage rate of $7.25.
  • Idaho State requires the employer to pay their employees no less than once a month.
  • The state requires that the payday must not be more than 15 days after the last pay period.
  • Idaho State does not require the employers to provide employees with vacation benefits, either paid or unpaid. Moreover, the state law does bound the employer to provide sick leaves, Holiday leave, jury duty leave, or voting leave.
  • Idaho labor laws don't regulate overtime. Therefore, employers and employees must consider FLSA law for overtime, where employees are entitled to receive overtime at one and half of the regular hourly rate for each extra hour worked after 40 hours in a workweek.
  • Idaho State doesn't provide any law for Meals and lunch breaks; thus, the federal law is to be followed that doesn't require the employer to provide a meal (lunch) period or breaks. However, if the employer is voluntarily providing the break, then it must be paid if for less than 20 minutes or unpaid if the break is for more than 30 minutes.
  • Idaho labor laws do not require the employees to receive severance pay by the employer.
Also Check: Idaho Sales and Reverse Sales tax Calculator to Calculate the amount of tax included in a gross price as well as the amount you should add to a net price.

FAQs

Answer: Following are the taxes taken out from the paycheck on an employee working Idaho:

  1. Federal Income Tax: It is charged at a progressive income tax rate, ranging from 0% to 37% with seven tax brackets depending on filing status and taxable income.
  2. FICA Tax: This tax includes 6.2% of Social Security Tax and 1.45% of Medicare Tax, in addition to the Additional Medicare Tax of 0.9% is charged if annual income crossed the defined threshold amount.
  3. Idaho State Income Tax: It is charged at a progressive income tax rate, ranging from 1.6% to 6.925% with seven tax brackets depending on filing status and taxable income.

Answer: Following are the Payroll that both and employer and employee needs to pay as an Idaho Resident:

  1. Federal Income Tax; having seven tax brackets, ranging from 0% to 37%, and is funded by the employee.
  2. FICA Tax; Comprises of Social Security Tax (12.4%; where 6.2% is paid by employee + 6.2% is paid by the employer for each employee) and Medicare Tax (2.9%; where 1.45% is paid by employee + 1.45% is paid by the employer for each employee)
  3. FUTA Tax; Paid only by the employer at the rate of 0% of the first taxable wage up to $7000 of an employee.
  4. State Income Tax; this tax is to be withheld from the employee's paycheck. This tax has seven tax brackets, ranging from 1.6% to 6.925%.
  5. SUI Tax; Paid by employer, ranges from 0.393% to 5.4% on a wage base of $38200. However, the new employer only has to pay at a flat rate of 1.374%.

Answer: Yes, If you live in Washington, but have an income source of at least $2500 in a year from Idaho than you must pay Idaho State Income Tax.

Answer: Yes, Residents of Idaho are required to pay State Income Tax, which comprises seven tax brackets ranging from 1.6% to 6.925%, depending on your filing status and taxable income. The bi-furcated tax rates are as follow:

For "Single" and "Married Filing Separately":

  • 1.6% on the first $1,451 of taxable income.
  • 3.6% on taxable income ranging from $1,452 to $2,903.
  • 4.1% on taxable income ranging from $2,904 to $4,355.
  • 5.1% on taxable income ranging from $4,356 to $5,807.
  • 6.1% on taxable income ranging from $5,808 to $7,259.
  • 7.1% on taxable income ranging from $7,260 to $10,889.
  • 7.4% on taxable income of $10,890 and above.

For "Married Filing Jointly" and "Head of Household":

  • 1.6% on the first $$3,008 of taxable income.
  • 3.6% on taxable income ranging from $3,008 to $6,016.
  • 4.1% on taxable income ranging from $6,016 to $9,022.
  • 5.1% on taxable income ranging from $9,022 to $12,030.
  • 6.1% on taxable income ranging from $12,030 to $15,038.
  • 7.1% on taxable income ranging from $15,038 to $22,558.
  • 7.4% on taxable income of $22,558 and above.

Answer: Sales Tax and property tax in Idaho are comparatively low, and social security income is also not taxed. However, other forms of income are taxed on the rates that range between 1.125% to 6.925% depending on your income and filing status. Therefore, the primary income source and level of income could decide that the taxes are high or not.

Answer: You have to live at least 270 days in Idaho to be considered a resident.

Answer: The average hourly wage of an employee in Idaho is $32 (As in 2019).

Answer: The State Minimum Wage rate in Idaho is $7.25, which is equal to the Federal Minimum Wage.

Answer: According to several reports published, the livable wage (In 2019) in Idaho for a single person with no child is $11.04, and for two adults (one working) is $18.48.

Answer: Idaho Withholding Tax is an amount withheld from the employee's paycheck the employer, that later pays it to the state as an income tax. This tax is based on income level and filing status.

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